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Scots cultur - Wikipedia

Scots cultur

Frae Wikipedia

This airticle (or pairt o this airticle) is in Inglis, an needs pittin ower intae Scots.

This airticle coud be easier tae read gin it wis spleet intae ither airticles. (collogue)



Scots cultur is the naitional cultur o Scotland.

Table o contents

[edit] Scots law

Main airticle: Scots law

Scotland aye haes Scots law, its ain European legal seestem foondit on Roman law, that brings thegither featurs o baith ceevil law an common law. The terms o union wi England specifee'd the haudin tae o sindert seestems.

Langsyne there wis sindry regional law seestems in Scotland, ane bein Udal Law (cried allodail or odal law forby) in Shetland an Orkney. This wis a direct descendant o Auld Norse Law, but wis duin awa wi in 1611. Mauger this, Scots coorts haes acknawledged the owerance o udal law in some property cases as recent as the 1990s. There's a muivement tae bring back udal law [1] tae the islands as pairt o a devolution o pouer frae Edinburrie tae Shetland an Orkney.

[edit] Scots eddication

Main airticle: Eddication in Scotland

Scotland haes a separate Scots eddication seestem an aw. The Act o Union warrandit the richts o the Scots varsities, but mair important, Scotland wis the first kintra syne Sparta in clessical Greece tae implement a seestem o general public eddication. This begoud wi the Eddication Act o 1696 an becam compulsory for bairns frae the implementation o the Eddication Act o 1872 onwarts.

Acause o thon, for mair nor twa hunder year Scotland haed a heicher percentage o its population educate at primary, seicondar an tertiary levels nor ony ither kintra in Europe. The differs in eddication haes kythed in different weys, but maist merkit is the nummer o Scots that gaed on tae become leaders in thair fields durin the 18t an 19t centuries. The politeecian Jim Wallace statit in October 2004 that Scotland produces a heicher nummer o varsitie an college graduates per heid nor ony ither place in Europe.

Schuil pupils in Scotland sits Staundart Grade exams an syne Higher (qualification) an/or Advanced Higher exams. Forby thon, a Scots varsity's honours degree taks fower year o study as agin three in the lave of the UK. The varsitie seestems in mony Commonwealth kintras shaws mair affeenities wi the Scots raither nor the English seestem.

[edit] Baunkin an siller

Main airticle: Economy o Scotland

Baunkin in Scotland haes mony aesome chairactereestics forby. Awtho the Bank of England bides the central baunk for the UK Govrenment, three Scots corporate baunks aye still sets furth thair ain baunknotes: the Baunk o Scotland, the Ryal Baunk o Scotland an the Clydesdale Baunk). Thir notes disna hae ony status as legal tender (awtho thay can aye be uised ootthrou the UK, in parteecular in Northren Ireland, whaur Irish baunks sets furth thair ain baunknotes an aw) an thay'r freely acceptit in the Chainel Islands an aw. In Scotland, naither thay nor the Baunk o England's notes ranks as legal tender (acause Scots law disna hae the concept); houaniver, baunknotes issued bi ony o the fower baunks is aye acceptit. See Scots baunk notes an aw.

For mair colloguin aboot this see Legal Tender (in Inglis).

The modren seestem o brainch baunkin (baunks haein a nationwide seestem o offices raither nor juist ane ot twa central offices) oreeginatit in Scotland. Juist strang poleetical pressur durin the 19t century stoppit the resultin strang baunkin seestem frae takkin ower baunkin in England. Houaniver, awtho Scots baunks wisna walcome in England at the time, thair business model wis widely copied, first in England an syne in the lave o the warld. This isna tae say that the Scots baunkin seestem wis immune frae crises - specially the foonderin o the City of Glasgow Bank in 1878.

The Saufins Baunk muvement wis cleckit in Scotland in 1810 bi the Reverend Henry Duncan as a wey o lattin his pareeshioners sauf smawer amoonts o siller nor the major baunks wad tak as deposits at that time. His model for the Ruthwell Parish Bank wis adoptit bi bien sponsors ootthrou the warld. The American exemplars eventually becam Saufins an Loan Associes wi maist o the Breetish saufins baunks comin thegither tae form the Trustee Savings Bank, that no lang syne merged wi the commercial baunk, Lloyds Bank, tae form Lloyds TSB. Houaniver the Airdrie Savings Baunk haudit on til its poseetion ootside this process.

Forby thon, Scotland developit a nummer o pouerfu Life Assurance companies durin the 19t an 20t centuries. Thir wis maistlins managed on the mutual model, offerin wi-profits investment as weel as protection business. Financial pressurs syne the 1980s haed led tae thair demutualisations an maist is nou pairt o lairger financial institutions.

See [2] for mair wittins adae wi the history o Scots baunkin (in Inglis).

[edit] Sports

Main airticle: Sport in Scotland, see also Category:Sport in Scotland.

Scotland haes mony naitional sportin associes, sic as the Scots Fitbw Associe (SFA) or the Scots Rugby Union (SRU). This gies the kintra its ain representation at mony internaitional sportin events sic as the Fitbaw Warld Cup. Scotland canna compete in the Olympic Games itsel tho, an Scots athletes maun compete as pairt o the Great Breetain team gin they want tae tak pairt. Houaniver Scotland dis send its ain team tae compete in the Commonweal Games.

Forby Scotland haes its ain sportin competitions apairt frae the lave o the UK. The main fitbaw competeetions is the leagues organised by the Scots Premier League an the Scots Fitbaw League. Teams in the Hieland Fitbaw League, the East o Scotland Fitbaw League an the Sooth o Scotland Fitbaw League competes in the Scots Cup an aw, while the Scots Junior Fitbaw Associe is ootwi that structur. Scots fitbaw clubs competes in internaitional competeetions, sic as the UEFA Cup an the Champion's League.

The Scots Rugby Union is responsible for that sport that's main competeetion is the BT Premier League. Regional Scots rugby clubs competes forby in the Celtic League, alang wi teams frae Ireland an Wales an in the Heineken Cup, the European League for Rugby Union.

Scotland is conseedered the "Hame o Gowf", an is weel kent for its coorses. As weel as its warld-famed Hieland Gemmes (athletic competeetions), it is the hame o curlin, an shinty, a stick game seemlar tae Ireland's hurlin, an England's field hockey. Scots cricket is a minority game but wi some follaein an lang establisht aimateur leagues.

[edit] Media

Main airticle: Media in Scotland, see also Category:Media in Scotland.

Scotland has distinct media from the rest of the UK. For example, it produces many national newspapers such as the Daily Record (Scotland's leading tabloid), the broadsheet The Herald, based in Glasgow, an The Scotsman in Edinburgh. The Herald, formerly known as the Glasgow Herald, changed its name to promote a national rather than a regional identity, while The Scotsman, which used to be a broadsheet, recently switched to tabloid format. Sunday newspapers include the tabloid Sunday Mail (published by Daily Record parent company Trinity Mirror) and the Sunday Post, while the Sunday Herald and Scotland on Sunday have associations with The Herald and The Scotsman respectively. Regional dailies include The Courier and Advertiser in Dundee and the east, and The Press and Journal serving Aberdeen and the north.

Scotland has its own BBC services which include the national radio stations, BBC Radio Scotland and Scottish Gaelic language service, BBC Radio nan Gaidheal. There are also a number of BBC and independent local radio stations throughout the country. In addition to radio, BBC Scotland also runs two national television stations. Much of the output of BBC Scotland Television, such as news and current affairs programmes, and the Glasgow-based soap opera, River City, are intended for broadcast within Scotland, whilst others, such as drama and comedy programmes, aim at audiences throughout the UK and further afield. Sports coverage also differs, reflecting the fact that the country has its own football leagues, separate from those of England.

Three Independent Television stations (Scottish TV, Grampian TV and Border) also broadcast in Scotland. Although they previously had independent existences, Scottish TV (serving the Central Lowlands) and Grampian (serving the Highlands and Islands) now belong to the same company (SMG plc) and resemble each other closely, apart from local news coverage. "Border" has had a more complex position, as it also has to serve neighbouring areas across the border in England, as well as the Isle of Man, and it now has separate news programs for each side of the border. Most of the independent television output equates to that transmitted in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, with the exception of news and current affairs, sport, cultural and Scottish Gaelic language programming.

Tele-G is the only Gaelic language service, broadcasting UK wide on the Freeview platform every night between 6pm and 7pm on Channel 8.

[edit] Food and drink

Main airticle: Scots fuid, see also Category:Scots fuid.

Although the Deep fried Mars bar is jokingly said to exemplify the modern Scottish diet, Scottish cuisine offers such traditional dishes as haggis, Buccleuch Scotch beef, the Arbroath Smokie,salmon,venison, cranachan, bannock, Scotch Broth and shortbread.

  • Scotch whisky and its distilleries
  • Scottish beer and the "shilling" classification

[edit] Arts

Main airticle: Arts in Scotland, see also Category:Arts in Scotland.

Template:Sect-stub

  • Scottish music
  • Scottish literature
  • Gaelic punk

[edit] Other facets of Scottish culture

See also Category:Scottish culture.

Scotland retains its own distinct sense of nationhood. Academic research consistently shows that people in Scotland feel Scottish, whilst not necessarily feeling the need to see that translated into the establishment of a fully-independent Scottish nation-state.

Scotland also has its own unique family of languages and dialects, helping to foster a strong sense of "Scottish-ness". See Scots language and Scottish Gaelic language. An organisation called Iomairt Cholm Cille (http://www.colmcille.net) has been set up to support Gaelic-speaking communities in both Scotland and Ireland and to promote links between them.

Scotland retains its own national church, separate from that of England. See Church of Scotland and Religion in the United Kingdom.

The patron saints of Scotland are Saint (Queen) Margaret and Saint Andrew, and Saint Andrew's Day is celebrated in the country on 30 November.

These factors combine together to form a strong, readily identifiable Scottish civic culture.

[edit] Miscellaneous

Scotland's iconic claims to fame include:

  • Bagpipes
  • Robert Burns, Burns night, Burns supper
  • Dolly the sheep
  • Gaelic punk, the new face of Gaelic music with bands such as Oi Polloi and Mill a h-Uile Rud.
  • Golf and the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews
  • Hogmanay (New Year's Eve)
  • Irn-Bru
  • Kilts
  • Loch Ness, said to contain the Loch Ness monster "Nessie".
  • Scottish country dancing
  • Scottish highland dance
  • Scottish Highlands (Aviemore, Cairngorms, Munros) and islands (Hebrides, Orkney, Shetland)
  • Tartan
  • The thistle, the country's national emblem - according to legend a Dens attacker stepped on one at night, so alerting the defenders of a Scottish castle, hence it is called the "guardian thistle"
  • Tweed, especially Harris Tweed

[edit] See an aw

  • Scots creenge
  • Scots fowklair
  • Scots naitional identity
  • Heuchterin an Teuchterin
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